She commissioned on 1 October and proceeded to Scapa Flow to work up, joining the fleet in the Firth of Forth only a few days before the Armistice. Leading Steward William Patrick Rodgers HMS Vindictive Royal Navy . She commissioned on 1 October and, after briefly working up, joined the Grand Fleet's Flying Squadron on 18 October only a few weeks before the A… Some 2,200 long tons (2,200 t) of stores were also off-loaded, but the ship could not be towed free by the combined efforts of the light cruisers Danae and Cleopatra and three tugboats. From 1930-1933, she was recommissioned four times in order to make trooping voyages to Hong Kong, each round trip taking up to six months, and was then in reserve apart from appearing at the Silver Jubilee Naval Review at Spithead in July 1935. VS showing the abandoned base, including scuttled ship lying on side in water. HMS Vindictive was a British Arrogant-class cruiser built at Chatham Dockyard. Originally designed as a Hawkins -class heavy cruiser and laid down under the name Cavendish, she was converted into an aircraft carrier while still building. The major exception was that No. She ferried British troops to Narvik in late April and escorted an evacuation convoy from Harstad on 4 June. She completed her sea trials on 21 September 1918 and reached a speed of 29.12 knots (53.93 km/h; 33.51 mph) from 63,600 shaft horsepower (47,400 kW). Originally designed as a Hawkins-class heavy cruiser and laid down under the name Cavendish, she was converted into an aircraft carrier while still being built. [8] A port side gangway 8 feet (2.4 m) wide connected the landing and flying-off decks to allow aircraft with their wings folded to be wheeled from one to the other. 444 embarked. She was converted to her final role at Malta in 1944, departing Malta on 15 October 1944. [10], Friedman 2010, pp. Website: www.naval-history.net Zeebrugge & Ostend Raids 1918. 9,394 long tons (9,545 t) (light), 11,500 long tons (11,700 t) (deep load), 5,400 nmi (6,200 mi; 10,000 km) at 14 kn (16 mph; 26 km/h), 1,000 tons oil and coal fuel (normal), 800 tons coal and 1,500 tons oil (max), 2.5 to 1.5 in (64 to 38 mm) side (forward and aft). from HMS Vindictive at Biorke reported that on 14/8/19 Taylor died of a fractured skull at Kolvisto. The officer in command and Finch kept up a perpetual flow of fire. Accurate anti-aircraft fire kept the aircraft too high for an effective attack, but Donald's men claimed two hits on the submarine tender Pamiat Azova. [18], After the Second World War began in August 1939, Vindictive was transferred to Devonport for a modernisation like that of her sister Effingham, with nine 6-inch (152 mm) guns, four twin-gun 4-inch (100 mm) mounts and a catapult. Following conversion back into a cruiser with a reduced aircraft capacity, she sailed from Chatham the Fifth Light Cruiser Squadron on the China Stationearly in 1926. Aircraft Carrier, then returned to cruiser, 1924. [5], Their secondary armament comprised a dozen quick-firing (QF) 3-inch 20 cwt guns. Alukselle tehtiin sen uran aikana useampia muutoksia ja siten sen ura oli melko vaihteleva ennen lopullista romuttamista 1946. The flight decks were removed and Vindictive was reconfigured back to a cruiser in 1924. Vindictive used it for the first time on 3 October when she launched a Fairey IIID floatplane. The hull form was unchanged from her cruiser design but a large hangar was added aft and a smaller hangar added forward. The Hawkins-class cruiser was designed to hunt enemy commerce raiders overseas. Laid down on June 29, 1916, the HMS Cavendish was launched on January 17, 1918. She was re-commissioned with special complement on 16 August, 1927. The vessel participated in the Zeebrugge Raid. Placed on the dunes as a monument and there is an information plaque describing how significant HMS Vindictive's role was in the World War. In this form she displaced 9,100 long tons (9,200 t) and was capable of a maximum speed of 24 knots (44 km/h; 28 mph). It consisted of two layers of high-tensile steel of varying thicknesses that covered most of the ships' sides. 67, 75; Lenton, p. 589, King George V's Silver Jubilee Fleet Review, http://www.britainsnavy.co.uk/Ships/HMS%20Vindictive/HMS%20Vindictive%20(1925)%20CC%205.htm, Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=HMS_Vindictive_(1918)&oldid=986625169, Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War, World War II naval ships of the United Kingdom, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 9,394 long tons (9,545 t) (light), 12,400 long tons (12,600 t) (. Later two stokers were caught trying to stop the fan engines. Unbeknownst to the British the entire operation had taken place in a minefield. 2's position was occupied by a prototype compressed-air Carey aircraft catapult, the first British cruiser to mount a catapult. 583–84; Raven & Roberts, p. 225, Friedman 2010, pp. They also mounted two submerged tubes, one on each broadside, and four above-water tubes, two on each broadside, for 21-inch torpedoes. [15], The carrier unloaded her air group, commanded by Major Grahame Donald, at Koivisto, Finland on 14 July. [26] On the night of 12 November, she was attacked west of Gibraltar by the German submarine U-515, but managed to evade the torpedoes. The initial order had to be cancelled in April 1917 for lack of building facilities, so the Admiralty decided to convert Cavendish, already under construction, in June 1917. The Hawkins class was a class of five heavy cruisers of the Royal Navy designed in 1915 and constructed throughout the First World War.All ships were named after Elizabethan sea captains. HMS VINDICTIVE (1) – February 1914 to December 1916, UK-out, Mediterranean, South East Coast of America Station, North Russia. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War, World War II naval ships of the United Kingdom, What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? The hangar roof, with a small extension, formed the 106-foot (32 m) flying-off deck. She paid off to a C. & M. Party on 10 February, 1925.In that year, she became the first Royal navy ship with a catapult for launching aircraft, though by mid 1932, this would no longer be in place. Vindictive Sailors 28th April 1918: The crew of HMS Vindictive on their return from a mission to block off a German submarine base in Zeebrugge. She was then sent to the South Atlantic to support British ships serving there and, in late 1942, to the Mediterranean to support the ships there. All rights reserved. She paid off into reserve on 30 December 1929. [5] (£8.21 million as of 2020),[6] The Admiralty had decided to abandon the idea of separate flying-off and flying-on decks in favour of flush deck carriers, and thus Vindictive was already obsolete in her brief carrier role. The account of Sergeant Finch, of the Royal Marine Artillery, tells us that on the 22 and 23 of April 1918, Sergeant Finch was the second in command of the pom-pom and Lewis gun in the foretop of HMS Vindictive. Com… Used under license of Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported HMS Cavendish, the most advanced of a new series of heavy cruisers was operational in October 1918, not as a cruiser, but an aircraft carrier, under the new name of HMS Vindictive (see above). 17, 1918 fire and killing one man Wolff shipyard in Belfast on 26 1916! 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